you is smart This is a topic that many people are looking for. newyorkcityvoices.org is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, newyorkcityvoices.org would like to introduce to you Can Being Stupid Make You Smart?. Following along are instructions in the video below:
“Kevin here and i m an idiot. I am the duke of the dull and and dim witted. I am breathtakingly brainless. I am fabulously fat headed disastrously doltish nand cretinous.
I ve spent 10 years making hundreds of videos ncelebrating knowledge and creativity. I ve highlighted the achievements of some nof. The smartest minds in science and math. I ve learned a lot along the way and maybe nyou have too but for the last few weeks.
I ve been pursuing npeak stupidity and uhh. It s going pretty well the fact is i hope this video actually nmakes you dumber because sometimes being an idiot is the difference between life and ndeath here s how hold on i gotta get this bbq sauce off my face. It s like literally burning my skin okay hang on oh. This is for a child.
Okay. I am going to smell like bbq sauce for nthe rest of this video. But it s what i do for you okay. Here s how in 1942.
Psychologist. Alexander luchins. Administered na problem solving test using water and differently. Sized jars.
The goal is to fill and empty those jars with nwater in a combination to get to the desired volume. You ve got an unlimited supply of water nand you can throw out as much as you want in problem. 1 jar. A holds 29 ounces and jar nb holds 3 ounces.
The goal is to measure 20 ounces. So you d fill the 29 ounce jar and use nthat to fill the 3 ounce jar. 3 times. 29 3 3 3.
20. leaving you with 20 ounces. This is not a paradox problem. 2.
Adds. A third jar. This time jar. A is 21oz jar b.
Is 127oz nand jar c. Is 3oz. We have to get 100oz and. That s also pretty neasy 127 21 3.
3. 100. . The third problem is a little bit trickier nbut.
Now. We know how to solve. These jar. A holds.
14oz jar b. Holds 163oz. And jar c. Nholds.
25oz. Your goal is to get 99oz. You can fill the 163. Then pour two 25 s nand.
One 14 for 163 25 25. 14. 99. Once you re locked in to the successful nstrategy.
You re on auto pilot fill the biggest jar and use the other two nsmaller jars to reduce it until you ve got the right amount got it. Alright. One. More jar.
A. Holds. 23oz jar b. Holds.
49oz. Jar. C. Nholds.
3oz. We need 20oz. So. 49.
23. 3. 3. 20.
Right wr. Well yes. That s actually right. But it s not the most efficient solution we could just fill jar a with 23 ounces and nthen pour 3 ounces into jar c.
And have the 20 ounces. That we need this time. We don t need this largest jar nat. All learning.
An algorithm to solve these problems nactually made us a little bit stupider luchins found that after giving. 6. Problems nthat involved. Filling the largest jar b.
And then taking away different amounts using jars. Na and c. The research subjects were locked in to using all three jars to solve each problem. They didn t even see the simpler solution.
The final problem. 28. 76. And 3.
With a goal nof. 25. Could only be solved with the two smaller jars. 28.
Minus. 3. You can t even use the nlargest jar to solve this problem. Many of the subjects tried to apply their nalgorithm and immediately said.
The problem was impossible impossible. They d gained too much knowledge. They were too experienced. They d become so smart.
That they got stupid welcome to the einstellung effect. Einstellung is a german word that roughly ntranslates as mindset. It describes. The overall method and frame nof reference for solving a problem when luchins conducted his experiment.
He ngave a second group that problem that contained two possible solutions as their very first ntask. Most of them instantly recognized the simpler nsolution because they weren t trapped in the big jar. Method of thinking about the problem. It wasn t that group b was smarter.
It was nthat group. A had learned just enough to make them dumber. Oh and some of the people who were shown nthe simpler solution after they declared the final problem was impossible they got mad. They got really really mad in his paper mechanization in problem.
Solving nluchins wrote. Realizing. It he is embarrassed by the blindness and stupidity. He showed while nsolving them puzzles how it was possible and feels shame at having been blinded to nsuch a degree rendered so incapable of reasonable action of intelligent procedures basically some were upset that they felt ndumb and then decided to take that anger out on the experiment itself in a footnote luchins explains instead nof viewing their responses as stupid.
Some of these subjects remarked heatedly that the ntasks or the instructions were stupid. They were embarrassed because they felt stupid n. And they felt stupid because they were too smart. They d have been smarter if they were stupider.
It s a vicious cycle. The einstellung effect is a serious cognitive nforce and it s so strong that. When a similar experiment. Used eye.
Tracking software to show. Nwhether expert chess players could recognize a simple solution. After a specific series nof moves. They literally did not even see it their brains wouldn t let them see it kinda like how you can t see that my face nis not flat.
This is actually a concave photo of my face as you can see when i turn it this is not nat all a flat image. But when seen straight on your brain automatically nfills in that hollow shape and projects it outward because it s programmed to see faces nthat way. Grand illusions has a hollow face einstein nmask that really shows just how biased our visual systems are in favor of seeing faces nas convex your brain won t allow you to see the hollow nface for the concave shape. It truly is because its shortcut supersedes reality.
It s why the phrase i can t unsee nit exists in the first place here s a different example. There s an old riddle about a plane crashing nor. A starship enterprise crashing on an international border and being asked where to bury the survivors your brain gets so wrapped up in processing nwhat. You know that a country s borders could be relevant in determining how to deal nwith.
The situation that a certain number of people died in the crash. And all the other ndetails. We re used to thinking about that it takes a minute to realize that survivors ndon t have to be buried at all the einstellung effect has created a short term ncognitive illusion that turns a simple obvious scenario into a ridiculous brain teaser. Sometimes.
It s just better to know a nlot. Less in a 1999 paper called the recognition. Nheuristic goldstein. And gigerenzer describe.
A psychological experiment. Asking which of ntwo cities had a larger population san diego or san antonio. A group of germans answered correctly more noften than a group of americans. The americans likely considered the populations nof.
Texas. And california whether they thought the cities were growing and a ton of other nfactors. The germans well more of them had heard of san diego nand. Many hadn t heard of san antonio.
So they figured the more famous city was bigger the end. That s it the less is more effect actually made nthem more likely to be right and we ve just recently figured out that nbeing dumb can make you smart right wrong. We ve actually known about this problem nfor a. Really long time in 1620 francis bacon wrote in novum organum nthat.
The human understanding. When it has once adopted an opinion either as being the nreceived opinion or as being agreeable to itself. Draws all things else to support and nagree with it bacon didn t know the cognitive science nbehind that phenomenon. But he had the basic idea right for efficiency s sake your nbrain tends to process new things by drawing on the knowledge.
It currently possesses. It s why i can t make this egg stand up come on egg work. With me here. Please stand.
The task here is to balance this egg on one nof its ends and uh. It s not really working out for me ntoo well in girolamo benzoni s 1565 history of nthe new world he wrote that christopher columbus challenged. A group of noble spaniards n. You that you will not make this egg stand nup as i will naked and without anything at all i don t know why he had to be naked.
That s nkinda weird they tried and failed just like i ve been ntrying and failing and then columbus just kinda smashed the egg non. The table and look it stood up he wasn t trapped by einstellung and neither was alexander. The great who solved nthe puzzle of the gordian knot in the 4th century bc the knot was so complex and so intricate na lot more intricate and complex than this this is a pillowcase that anyone who could nuntie it would immediately be declared king of phrygia. He just cut it in half with his sword.
Something nlike that kind of like the way indiana jones was badly noutmatched by an expert swordsman and then just shot him with his gun. Everyone has understood this seemingly forever. Nand a recognition of the einstellung effect is deeply rooted in asian philosophies in zen buddhism. The term shoshin refers nto.
The beginner s mind an attitude of openness and eliminating the constraints. Nof experience and knowledge zen and daoist meditators. Try to achieve the nmushin. The state of a mind without a mind free from attachments and thoughts in japanese martial arts.
Zanshin is total nawareness not just focusing on what you know or think you know. But letting every npossibility present itself even when it s simple but this isn t just about illusions ancient nphilosophy or solving cute riddles understanding the impact of einstellung can nliterally save lives in the 1970s a cardiologist named lee goldman ncompiled data on heart attack cases and found that taking an ecg reading and answering three nbasic questions could determine whether someone was actually having a heart attack. When this shortcut decision. Tree was implemented.
Nat cook county hospital in chicago the. Results were incredible it. Beat the. Old diagnosis method.
By 70 and nthe hospital found that highly trained experienced doctors diagnosed the most serious cases. Correctly n75. 89 of the time. While the 3 step.
Quick and dirty method was right over 95 of the ntime depending on a well educated extremely knowledgeable nprofessional actually made things worse people died because we were too smart. We are obsessed with being smart and knowing nthings. It s why i m so curious about science nand math. And people and honestly.
It s why this channel exists and look. It s important to know stuff and nhave experience. And it s important to have a mechanized nmind luchins. Said mechanized responses have na place in one s behavior they possess the advantages of releasing one nfrom the bother of finding new responses to recurring everyday situations they equip one with precise ready and speedy nresponses to certain aspects of his environment.
And they free the mind so that it can more nadequately deal with complicated tasks yeah but. He then went on to say when na habit ceases to be a tool discriminantly applied. But becomes a procrustean bed to which nthe situation must conform when in a word instead of the individual mastering. The habit nthe habit masters.
The individual then mechanization is indeed a dangerous thing intelligence experience and knowledge are nfreedom and they can also be a prison that takes away your freedom to think differently your brain is the greatest computer. Ever invented nbut. It can also constrain your creativity and limit your potential. We all want to get smarter become more creative nand.
Solve bigger and more advanced problems in everything from the video games. We play nto the society. We live in there s so much pressure to be smart and nit s just not always about that sometimes you just gotta get stupid and as always thanks for watching drink. The water drink it drink it drink it drink it yeah.
Hello. The spring 2020 curiosity box has arrived. Nand if you want to get yours go to curiosityboxcom. If you re not familiar with the curiosity nbox this is something michael jake and i work on all the time when we re not working on videos.
We re working non this box this is not march. This is a community of people who are interested nin living a life of the mind inq s drinking bird is one of the items that nyou will get in this brand new box. As you can see this bird. Very very very nthirsty and has a great hat you can see the vsauce.
I don t have a top hat y know maybe i should get a top hat. But for now i ll just stick with this one. Yes more water for all get your curiosity box at curiosityboxcom. Nbecause.
Now you re thinking thanks for watching. Oh. ” ..
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